Mongolei

Beschreibung

Mongolia

Mongolia evokes images of endless steppes and nomads with their herds, but is quite mountainous with alpine conditions in many parts. The country lies landlocked between Russia and China. The high peaks of Mongolia are found in the west of the country, in the Altai Mountains. Hüiten Peak (4374 m) in the Tavan Bogd Mountains is the highest, located in the westernmost tip of Mongolia on the border with China, in the Altai Tavan Bogd National Park. This area is the most remote and spectacular for hiking, with snowclad peaks, glaciers and lovely alpine lakes and valleys. To reach these and other mountains of Western Mongolia, the town of Olgii is a good starting point. Other western mountain regions good for hiking are those around the snow capped Kharkhiraa Uul (4037 m), Türgen Uul (3965 m), and Tsambagarav Uul (4202 m). From Mongolia's far western corner the Altai Mountains stretch out along the southwest of the country, ending in the mountains of Gobi Altai. These still reach up to 3000 m and border the Gobi Desert. In the far south there is some nice hiking in Gurvan Saikhan National Park.

Another major but more eroded and rolling mountain range are the Khangai Mountains in Central Mongolia. Highest peak here is the glacier capped Otgontenger (4008 m). Second highest, and more easy to climb, is Erkhet (3535 m). Both are considered sacred mountains. The Khangai Range offers a diversity of landscapes, from grassy steppes to forests, canyons, rivers, lakes and volcanic craters. It can be reached by road from the capital Ulan Bator, and there are numerous organized treks here.

North of the Khangai Mountains at the foot of the South Siberian (Russian) Sayan Range lies the huge alpine Khövsgöl Lake and National Park. There are some wonderful hiking opportunities in the surrounding mountains with great views, and along the shore.

Lowest but closest to the capital Ulan Bator, are the northeastern Khentii Mountains, on the border with Russia. It is home to another sacred mountain: Burkhan Khaldun (2800 m), associated with Genghis Khan. Finally there are some good relatively easy trekking options not far from Ulan Bator: north of Ulan Bator from Darkhan to the monastery of Amarbayasgalant; east of Ulan Bator in Gorkhi Terelj National Park; south of Ulan Bator in Bogd Khan National Park.

Best season to go hiking is summertime, from mid-May until early September, although the season is shorter at higher altitudes. There are no marked trails, and if you plan to set out independently, be prepared to carry all you need: tent, stove, food, water etc. Nomads will sometimes rent out pack horses.

Bewertungen

Bewertung 9.0 | 1 Bewertung(en) | Nr. 2 in Asien
  • Miguel
  • Bewertung 9
  • Positiv Magnificent landscapes, if at times puzzling. Only familiar with the Terelj, which I highly recommend.
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Bücher

The Book Depository
United Kingdom
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2008
  • Wandelgids Mongolei | Panico Alpin Verlag
  • Uitstekende wandel- cq trekkinggids voor Mongolië met dagwandelingen, meerdaagse trektochten en bergtochten. Elke route wordt kort getypeerd waarna een uitgebreide beschrijving volgt. Met goede topografische kaartjes! De volgende gebieden worden beschreven: - Altai - Gobi Altai - Changai - Khentij Gebergte - Sajan-Kuvsguler Bergland - Tarwatai... Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2015
  • Reisgids Culture Smart! Mongolia | Kuperard
  • Culture Smart! provides essential information on attitudes, beliefs and behavior in different countries, ensuring that you arrive at your destination aware of basic manners, common courtesies, and sensitive issues. These concise guides tell you what to expect, how to behave, and how to establish a rapport with your hosts. This inside knowledge... Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2015
  • Reisgids Mongolei - Mongolië | Trescher Verlag
  • Goede Duitstalige reisgids met veel culturele beschrijvingen. Daarnaast ook aandacht voor praktische zaken als overnachten en rondreizen. Bijzondere duitse uitgever, vaak als eerste een boek over een bepaald gebied of land. Eine Reise in die Mongolei verspricht vor allem die Begegnung mit unberührter Natur und der Gastfreundschaft der Mongolen.... Read more
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  • Bol.com, Netherlands
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Bol.com
Netherlands
2015
  • Mongolei
  • Travel & Languages Travel (special interest) Guides (general) International Books Read more
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De Zwerver
Netherlands
2014
  • Reisgids Mongolia - Mongolië | Bradt
  • Een goede, vooral praktische reisgids met veel info over overnachten, eetgelegenheden, vervoer, maar ook wandelingen. Daarnaast nog aandacht voor achtergronden als geschiedenis, cultuur en landschap. Sober uitgevoerd, maar complete reisgids. The 'Land of Blue Sky' is one of the few places on earth where travellers can tread on undiscovered... Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2010
  • Reisgids Mongolia - Nomad Empire of Eternal Blue Sky | Odyssey
  • Mongolia is a land of constant surprises. Renowned for its classic rolling steppe land -from where, in times past, nomadic Mongol clans and confederations swept out to conquer much of the known world - it also boasts snow-capped peaks towering over wide, grassy valleys, meandering rivers and great lakes, as well as badlands, dramatic gorges and... Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2014
  • Reisgids Mongolie - Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire | Odyssey
  • This is a heavily illustrated, beautifully produced and accessible scholarly treatment of Mongol history for the wider public, offering a comprehensive view from pre-historic times to the modern age. The book is a concise, rich text, with contributions from archaeology to biological anthropology. Presented in five parts:- Before Genghis, lands... Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2014
  • Reisgids Mongolia - Mongolië | Lonely Planet
  • De perfecte reisgids voor zowel de georganiseerde als de zelfstandige reiziger. Naast een algemene inleiding van het land / streek vol met praktische informatie over hoe je er het beste kunt reizen: slapen, eten, vervoer, excursies ... alles kun je er in vinden. Mongolia's capital, Ulaanbaatar, may be a hotbed of progressive attitudes, but in... Read more
Bol.com
Netherlands
Bol.com
Netherlands
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Walking holidays

Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Mongolië - Wandelreis
  • Avontuurlijke wandelvakantie door het weidse Mongolië. Ontdek de verrassende en gevarieerde landschappen die Mongolië te bieden heeft. Verken te voet beschermde natuurgebieden als het Gurvan Saikhan National Park en het vogelrijke Yoliin Am National Park. Maak een vierdaagse trektocht met yaks in het Hangai Mountains National Park, langs... Read more
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