Pilgrims Ways

Beschreibung

Santiago de CompostelaEver since the year 813, when the tomb of St.James was claimed to be (re-)discovered there, the city of Santiago de Compostela in northwestern Spain has attracted many thousands of Christian pilgrims from all parts of Europe, particularly in the Middle Ages. As a result, there is no single route or trail. Of course, it all depends on where you start your pilgrimage.

Almost every West European country has an association, society or confraternity dedicated to pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela, often carrying the name of the apostle involved: St.James, known by numerous translations such as Sint Jacob, Sint Jakobus, Saint-Jacques, Sankt Jakob, Sant Iago, etc. These organisations all provide information on the pilgrimage to their members, and also issue an official internationally recognized ‘pilgrim pass'. Having collected the correct stamps en route, pass-holders are entitled to the official ‘Compostela' certificate to prove that the pilgrimage was accomplished as intended.

Four routes in France traditionally start from Paris, Le Puy, Vézelay and Arles. After crossing the Pyrenees they all join into one rather clearly defined route across the northwest of Spain. Symbol of the Santiago de Compostela Pilgrim Way(s) is a scallop shell, also used for waymarking the route (yellow scallop shell against a blue background).

Spain

Classic route

The classic Way of St. James is the Camino Francés. The three main Ways in France - Via Podiensis, Via Lemovicensis, Via Turonensis - come together in the Pyrenees and cross the mountains near Roncesvaux. Hence, the Camino Francés turns straight west over the plains of northern Spain to Santiago de Compostela, a walk of about a month.The fourth main Way from France - Via Tolosana - crosses the Pyrenees at Col du Somport, follows the Camino Aragonés in Spain, and joins the Camino Francés in Puente la Reina.

  • Camino Francés, Roncesvalles / Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port - Puente la Reina - Santiago de Compostela, 800 km, 32 days
  • Camino Aragonés, Col du Somport - Puente la Reina, 200 km, 8 days

Northern routes

You can imagine that the Camino Francés gets pretty crowded! Luckily, many alternatives have been developed over the years, some with historical relevance, others also a little bit for the pleasure of hiking:

From England

Pilgrims from England can cross by boat to La Coruña or Ferrol and walk on to Santiago:

  • Camino Inglés, Ferrol - Santiago de Compostela, 110 km, 5 days / La Coruña - Santiago de Compostela, 75 km, 3 days

From Portugal

And coming from Portugal, you can follow the Atlantic coast:

From Catalunya

If you rather prefer a totally different approach, you can start in eastern Spain, Catalunya. There is even an option by crossing the Pyrenees in the far east, Le Perthus:

Mediterranean coast

Going down the Mediterranean coast, we meet new posibilities, starting in the province of Valencia for example:

South

Becoming more popular, are the Ways that start in the south of Spain, long and hot and feasting on the Reconquista

France

France has been quick in developing the modern pilgrim routes to Santiago de Compostela. Four main Ways have been laid out, based on historical relevance. These Ways pass numerous churches and other religious monuments dedicated to the mediaeval pilgrimage to Santiago, and this alone makes France a splendid pilgrimage destination. Moreover, pilgrims from Europe had to cross the Pyrenees and to have lengthy wanderings through France if they wanted to visit the holy grave of St. Jacob.

Via Turonensis

Let’s start with these four main Ways. The westernmost is the Via Turonensis, leaving from Paris, passing Tours ending in Ostabat in the Pyrenees. In modern France this is the GR655. In Spain, this Way continues as Camino Francés. Below are the main and side itineraries:

Via Lemovicencis

Next, parallel to the previous Way, is the Via Lemovicencis, popular for pilgrims from northern Europe. The modern version is the GR654, but be aware that this GR takes a different route from the official pilgrims way. Both routes are, in terms of landscape, more interesting than the first Way over Paris.

Via Podiensis

The third main route, and like the previous one a pretty route too, is the Way over Le Puy-en-Velay, the Via Podiensis. This has been dubbed the GR65. This important Way was and is used by pilgrims from the south and central Europe, from Hungary to Poland.

Via Tolosana

The fourth main Way is the Via Tolosana, bringing pilgrims from Italy, and connecting to the other important pilgrim destination, Rome. Traveling via Toulouse, these pilgrims cross the Pyrenees at the Col du Somport. The state name is GR653.

New Ways

Modern times and modern devotion asks for new horizons. So, we are not done with mentioning the four main Ways. New ways have been developed over the last years.

  • Voie Littorale, Pointe de Grave (Gironde) - Bayonne / Irun, 370 km, 15 days

Belgium

Belgium has a dense network of pilgrim ways. They run north-south, and bring pilgrims from Holland, Flanders and Wallonia to France. The Belgian Ways of Saint James connect to the Via Turonensis over Paris and the Via Lemovicensis over Vézelay. There are five main clusters of trails.

Central-west

One of the main routes is the central-west route connecting the west of the Netherlands to the Via Turonensis, GR655.

Central-east

The second important route runs parallel to the Via Brabantica, connecting ‘s-Hertogenbosch in the Netherlands to Namur in Belgium. This route connects to Vézelay, the Via Lemovicensis.

Shortcuts

Between these two main vines of the Way of Saint James in Belgium, several shortcuts are available so that if you change your mind, and turn to Paris instead of Vézelay, or vice versa.

  • Via Thiérache, Olloy-sur-Viroin - Saint-Quentin, 120 km, 5 days
  • GR126, Brussels - Namur - Membre-sur-Semois, 224 km, 9 days

East

The third route is probably the most popular one for Dutch Pilgrims, not because it is the shortest, but rather because it is a nice one to walk. It connects the Pelgrimspad to the Vézalay route, the GR654.

West

Then we should mention a coastal route from the Netherlands, entering Belgium at Sluis. This route is bending east and connects to the Via Turonensis.

  • Via Brugensis, Sluis (nl) - Brugge (be) - Sebourg (fr), 150 km, 6 days
  • Via Scaldea, Sluis (nl) - Gent (be) - Pecq, 67 km 3 days
  • GR122, Sebourg - St Fergueux

Ardennes

And finally, a nice route is being developed in the Ardennes.

  • Via Arduinna, Aken / Luik / Malmedy - Orval, 220 km, 9 days

Netherlands

The Netherlands is a country of hiking fervents, so it is not surprising that there are quite a number of pilgrim ways crisscrossing the country. One will clearly observe a difference between those trails that are meant to please the senses, and those that are meant to call upon as many churches as possible. The latter are recognisable by their fancy mediaeval names starting with “Jacobsweg”.

Due to the country’s geographical location, there are two obvious directions to Santiago de Compostela: one over Paris (Via Turonensis) and one over Vézelay (Via Lemovicensis). Since the latter is far more popular, most Dutch pilgrims follow Ways to Limburg, the southeastern corner bordering Belgium and Germany.

Coastal Way to Paris

Let’s start with the option over Paris along the coast. Starting in Wieringen or in Den Oever, the pilgrims head for Haarlem.

From Haarlem, the path continues south more or less along the coast. In Schipluiden is a bifurcation: one way goes east to Antwerpen,the other continues south. Continuing south, there is a second split in Vlissingen. One way goes to Brugge in Belgium, the other to Gent in Belgium.

In Belgium, continue the pilgrimage on the Via Brugensis (over Brugge), Via Scaldea (over Gent), or Via Brabantica (over Antwerpen).

Main Way to Paris

The other pilgrim way to Paris has historic roots. The start is in the north of the country, either in the village Sint-Jacobiparochie or in the town Uithuizen. These Ways head for the village Hasselt. Then the route continues to Utrecht, Breda and Antwerpen in Belgium.

In Belgium, continue on the Via Brabantica.

There is an alternative: the GR12 connects Amsterdam to Paris. The Dutch part of the GR12 is called the Floris V-Pad.

  • Floris V-pad, LAW1-3, Amsterdam - Bergen op Zoom, 245 km, 10 days
  • GR12, Amsterdam - Paris, 977 km, 40 days

Main Way to Vézelay

Two Ways connect the busy west of the country to the province of Limburg and Vézelay. The Pelgrimspad is primarily a trail for walkers enjoying the countryside. The Jacobsweg Amstelredam is primarily a trail for pilgrims enjoying cities and cathedrals.

From Maastricht, continue your pilgrimage on the Via Mosana to Namur. A second option is to leave the Netherlands in the little town of Thorn and follow the Via Limburgica.

Eastern Way to Vézelay

Things get a bit complicated here. The same paths in the north of the Netherlands that are used to go to Paris, are also frequented by pilgrims heading for Vézelay. Hasselt has the key to this mystery: the village is a main intersection of pilgrim ways.

From Hasselt, continue on the Jacobsweg Nieumeghen. Halfway, in the old city Doesburg, pilgrims from Oldenzaal will join you. This part of the Way is more or less the same as the Hanzestedenpad.

In Nijmegen one can continue south. But the real pilgrim will make a large detour to ‘s-Hertogenbosch, an important religious center of the Netherlands. The direct Way to Vézelay heads for Maastricht and Liège, Belgium. This route is sometimes on German territory, sometimes on Dutch territory, and even sometimes on Belgian territory.

From Maastricht, continue on the Via Mosana. Or - alternatively - follow the Via Limburgica starting from Thorn.

Switzerland

In Switzerland, the route follows ...

 

Karte

Pilgrims Ways North

Pilgrims Ways Mid

Pilgrims Ways South West

Wanderwege

Bücher

The Book Depository
United Kingdom
  • Marcher a Paris sur les pas des pelerins de Compostelle 2009
  • C'est à partir du XIIième siècle que les pèlerins originaires du nord de la France, d'Angleterre, d'Allemagne du Nord, des Flandres et des Pays-Bas, des pays scandinaves, de Pologne, et de plus loin encore, commencent à affluer en direction de la Galice. Tout naturellement, ils convergent vers Paris pour... Read more
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
2015
  • Also available from:
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
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De Zwerver
Netherlands
2019
  • Wandelgids - Pelgrimsroute Via Francigena part 2 | Cicerone
  • An essential guidebook for anyone planning to walk the Via Francigena pilgrim route from Canterbury to Rome. Part 2 describes 940km of the pilgrimage from the Great St Bernard Pass to Rome. Contains all the planning information you need for your journey, including details of facilities and accommodation along the route. Read more
» Click to close
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2015
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2008
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2017
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2010
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2013
  • Wandelgids 1451 La Via Francigena à travers le Pas-de-Calais | FFRP
  • Guide FFRandonnée La Via Francigena à travers le Pas-de-Calais - GR 145 - 245 Km de sentiers GR.Ancienne voie de pèlerinage, au même titre que les chemins de Saint-Jacques ou du Mont-Saint-Michel, ce topo-guide bilingue français/anglais (une grande première !) comprend les 245 premiers kilomètres français de l'itinéraire ancestral reliant... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Stanfords, United Kingdom
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Stanfords
United Kingdom
2013
  • GR145: The Via Francigena in Pas-de-Calais FFRP Topo-guide No. 1451
  • The first stage in France of the Via Francigena, one of the great medieval pilgrim routes, in a bilingual English / French topoguide with colour extracts from IGN’s topographic survey at 1:50,000, accommodation recommendations, etc.The guide covers a 12 day - 235km long section from Calais to Rocquigny, including parts of WWI Western Front in... Read more
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De Zwerver
Netherlands
2012
  • Wandelgids 3646 Le Chemin de Conques à Toulouse | FFRP
  • Guide FFRandonnée Le Chemin de Conques à Toulouse. GR 36, 46, 62B - 563 km de sentiers GR.Entre Quercy et gorges de l'Aveyron.Aux confins du Quercy et de la vallée du Lot. Aux confins du Quercy et de la vallée du Lot, ce topo-guide vous propose d'abord de découvrir le Rouergue, entaillé par le canyon de l'Aveyron, truffé de grottes, couvert de... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Stanfords, United Kingdom
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Stanfords
United Kingdom
2012
  • GR62B/GR36/GR46 Le Chemin de Conques à Toulouse FFRP Topo-guide No. 3646
  • Le Chemin de Conques à Toulouse, FFRP topoguide Ref. no. 3646, covering 563kms of various GR routes in the region of Quercy and the Gorges of the Aveyron between Conques and Cahors in the north and Toulouse and Albi in the south: le Chemin de Conques à Toulouse along the GR62B, 36 and 46; GR 36 from Cahors to Albi; GR46 along the Gorges of the... Read more
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Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Les Chemins de St-Jacques au Pays Basque
  • Les Chemins de St-Jacques au Pays Basque covers two routes of the Way of St James in the Basque country: le Chemin de Baztán and le Chemin de Saint-Palais á la côte. The former links Bayonne, Saint-Jean de Luz and Urdax, extending south to Pamplona; the latter links Sare to Saint Palais via Esplette. This is one of the titles in a series of... Read more
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Le Chemin du Vézelay: de la Bourgogne aux Pyrénéees
  • Le Chemin du Vézelay: de la Bourgogne aux Pyrénéees covers the one of most popular routes of the Way of St. James in France, from the cathedral in Vézelay, across the La Charité-sur-Loire, Bourges, La Souterraine, Limoges, Périgueux, Ste-Foy-la-Grande, Bazas, Mont-de-Marsan and Orthez to Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port.This title is part of a series of... Read more
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Chemins de St.Jacques: Cluny/Lyon - Le Puy à pied
  • Chemins de St.Jacques: Cluny/Lyon-Le Puy à pied from Chamina presents the route overprinted on IGN’s 1:50,000 topographic survey with details of accommodation, local services and other tourist information.Each stage is shown on extracts from IGN`s 1:50,000 topographic survey cross-referenced to the descriptions of the route. Symbols indicate... Read more
Bol.com
Netherlands
2015
  • The northern caminos
  • This guidebook is a comprehensive, pocket-sized guide to walking the pilgrimage routes through northern Spain to the sacred city of Santiago de Compostela. The Camino del Norte is an 817km five-week coastal route from the town of Irún, close to the French border. Its alternatives are the Camino Primitivo (which splits from the Norte near Oviedo... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
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Bol.com
Belgium
2015
  • The northern caminos
  • This guidebook is a comprehensive, pocket-sized guide to walking the pilgrimage routes through northern Spain to the sacred city of Santiago de Compostela. The Camino del Norte is an 817km five-week coastal route from the town of Irún, close to the French border. Its alternatives are the Camino Primitivo (which splits from the Norte near Oviedo... Read more
» Click to close
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2012
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Netherlands
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Netherlands
2012
Bol.com
Belgium
2012
» Click to close
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
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Bol.com
Belgium
» Click to close
Bol.com
Netherlands
2008
  • WF1083 Jakobsweg Deutschland 1, Fulda, Einsiedeln Kompass
  • Fulda-Einsiedeln, Nürnberg-Ulm; 45 EtappenDe Kompass wandelgids + kaart geeft een overzicht van alle wandelroutes in het gebied met nauwkeurige routeaanwijzingen en hoogteaanduidingen, De extra grote kaart, schaal 1:35 000, is ideaal om van te voren uw route uit te stippelen en om onderweg te gebruiken • naast de bekende bestemmingen, worden... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
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Bol.com
Belgium
2008
  • WF1083 Jakobsweg Deutschland 1, Fulda, Einsiedeln Kompass
  • Fulda-Einsiedeln, Nürnberg-Ulm; 45 EtappenDe Kompass wandelgids + kaart geeft een overzicht van alle wandelroutes in het gebied met nauwkeurige routeaanwijzingen en hoogteaanduidingen, De extra grote kaart, schaal 1:35 000, is ideaal om van te voren uw route uit te stippelen en om onderweg te gebruiken • naast de bekende bestemmingen, worden... Read more
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Karten

De Zwerver
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Macs Adventure
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  • Walk the full Camino del Norte. A dramatic and sometimes challenging route to Santiago, this Camino more accurately reflects the true pilgrim experience. Taking you from San Sebastian along the north coast of Spain to Santiago de Compostela, the route alternates between dramatic coast, rugged Galician mountains and some of the best cities in... Read more
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  • Walk the third stage of the Camino del Norte, from Santander to Gijón. Walk the third stage of the Camino del Norte from Santander to Gijon. Walking along wild Cantabrian coastline from Santander takes you through some lovely little fishing villages. The coastline is stunning with quiet beaches and bursting with bird and sea life. You will... Read more
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  • Stage 4 of the Camino de Santiago takes you from the wonderful city of Leon to the quaint village of O'Cebriero. Walk from the beautiful city of Leon to O'Cebreiro on the Camino Frances. As you leave the plateau of Leon you will see the mountains up ahead as you head to Astorga. This part of the countryside is characterised by broom, heather,... Read more
Macs Adventure
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Macs Adventure
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  • Camino Portugués: Stage 4: Porto to Tui Self Guided Walking Holiday
  • This stage crosses the border from Portugal to Spain across the Minho river. On this trip you cross the border from Portugal into Spain when crossing the international bridge over the Minho river. During the course of the trip you will pass through a variety of landscapes, from the urban sprawl of Porto to rolling green hills and stretches of... Read more
Macs Adventure
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  • Camino Stage 1 & 2 - St Jean-Pied-de-Port to Burgos
  • A 14 day & 13 night stage 1 & 2 St Jean-Pied-de-Port to Burgos self guided walking holiday. Walk the first two stages of the Camino from St Jean Pied de Port, which straddles the French and Spanish border, to the medieval city of Burgos. Crossing the Pyrenees your first day will undoubtably be the toughest day of the whole Camino. The steep... Read more
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  • Camino Portugués: Stage 2: Santarém to Coimbra Self Guided Walking Holiday
  • Walk from the gothic city of Santarém through to the beautiful University town of Coimbra. The second stage of the Camino Portugués starts off with a day of relatively flat walking, but you are soon out amongst the rolling hills as the week progresses. This section has three of the most amazing cities on the trip, the gothic Santarém, the... Read more
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  • Camino Le Puy Way: Stages 5 & 6
  • Self guided walking tour on the Camino Le Puy Way from Lectoure to St Jean Pied de Port. The Camino Le Puy Way is a pilgrimage route that follows trails through rural south west France and along the Grand Randonnée 65. Stages 5 & 6 of this self-guided walking tour take you through the regions of La Gers and Gascony, cultivated landscapes of the... Read more
Macs Adventure
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  • Camino Ingles | English Way, Camino Inglés
  • A 92.5km (optional: 102.5km) pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. In the middle ages, the news of the Camino de Santiago spread all over Europe and Pilgrims from the UK and Ireland would sail down to A Coruña and Ferrol to start their pilgrimage to Santiago. Today we use the route from Ferrol as it is the more scenic route of the two. The... Read more
Macs Adventure
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  • Camino Le Puy Way: Stage 2
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